2000;17(4):197-203. Goll, P. H., Lemma, A., Duncan, J., and Mazengia, B. … The plant is hazardous to livestock and all parts of the plant are considered toxic. 1983;34(3):177-183. Pokeweed or pokeberry (Phytolacca americana) is a native plant that grows in disturbed soils, such as fields and pastures. It’s the first plant that many of us eat that could also kill us. It has a large, persistent taproot. View abstract. This vigorous shrub-like perennial can grow up to 4 m from a heavy tap root. Bull World Health Organ 1970;42(4):597-612. It is found at forest edge, in fence rows, under power lines, pastures, old field, forest openings, and other similar areas. Pokeweed is an ubiquitous plant found in areas such as fields, along fences, and in damp woods. Lewis WH, Smith PR. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/pokeweed. 1995;37(1):66-67. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …the order Caryophyllales, Phytolaccaceae includes poke or pokeweed (. View abstract. Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) is a poisonous, herbaceous plant that has long been used for food and folk medicine in parts of eastern North America, the Midwest, and the Gulf Coast where it is native. View abstract. It is a poisonous weed, related to nightshade, but if prepared for consumption correctly, it is actually considered a delicacy by many denizens of the rural United States. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. East Afr.Med J 2002;79(4):198-201. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Eleven microsatellites in an emerging invader, Phytolacca americana (Phytolaccaceae), from its native and introduced ranges. View abstract. Pokeweed is a simple perennial, which means it relies on seeds for propagation. Pokeweed definition, any of numerous and usually toxic plants of the genus Phytolacca, including P. americana, of North America, having juicy purple berries and a purple root used in folk medicine, and young shoots resembling asparagus: pokeweed species vary greatly in height, with some growing to about 3.2 feet (1 meter) and others as tall as 82 feet (25 meters). This voluptuous weed is extremely high in vitamin A, and also has significant amounts of vitamin C, iron and calcium. Bull World Health Organ 1972;47(3):422-425. The key is caution. American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) is a robust, non-woody shrub that is spreading in parts of California.Native to the eastern United States from Maine to Wisconsin and south to Texas, Mexico, and Florida, pokeweed now occurs throughout much of North America. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) goes by many names, dragon berries, poke sallet, American pokeweed. It is sometimes a garden or yard weed. Arch Pharm Res 2003;26(12):1102-1108. (check all that apply). Updates? View abstract. It counteracts Back Pain. It is one of the poisonous herbs known to man. Pokeweed is a native herbaceous perennial in the Phytolaccaceae family that may grow 4 to 10 feet high. Also, the whole plant is toxic. Pokeweed is a plant. Crit Care Clin 1997;13:849-88. pii: apps.1500002. It is a perennial with a red, woody stem boasting long, … Pokeweed definition is - a poisonous American perennial herb (Phytolacca americana of the family Phytolaccaceae, the pokeweed family) with racemose white flowers, dark purple juicy berries, and young shoots sometimes used as potherbs. Pokeweed is indigenous to eastern North America, and widely naturalized in Europe, the West Indies, and Asia. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. Also called inkberry, pokeberry, pokeroot. JAMA 1979;242:2759-60. 2015;3(3). Naturwissenschaften 1984;71(5):247-251. It is native to the United States and Canada. It has a smooth, stout, purplish stem that branches extensively and can reach up to 2 inches in diameter. Pokeweed antiviral protein shows clinical potential as a safe, prophylactic antiviral agent in assisted reproduction in HIV-1 discordant couples. Leaves and very young shoots—up to about 15 cm (6 inches)—can be edible if properly cooked, though the cooking water should be thrown away. Pokeweed can be found throughout the majority of the Continental United States but is far more prevalent in the central and eastern states of the South. Furbee B, Wermuth M. Life-threatening plant poisoning. Some people actually use some parts of the weed as herbal medicine and food. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Wiesenauer, M. Comparison of solid and liquid forms of homeopathic remedies for tonsillitis. View abstract. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Pokeweed is native to wet or sandy areas of eastern North America. The flowers are green to white, followed by purple to almost black berries which are a food source for songbirds such as gray catbird, northern mockingbird, northern cardinal, and brown thrasher, as well as other birds and som… Some also cook the young stems like as… Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. The appropriate dose of pokeweed depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. What is Pokeweed? Jaeckle KA, Freemon FR. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pokeweed is not all that useless. Poke root herbal tea poisoning. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? Habitat: Pokeweed is a native plant which occurs in meadows, edges of woods and waste areas in the southwestern part of southern Ontario; elsewhere in the province it may persist in old gardens after having been cultivated for the young leafy sprouts which are used as a green vegetable if properly cooked and re-cooked, with the cooking water discarded 3 times. Appl Plant Sci. The berries contain a red dye used to colour wine, candies, cloth, and paper. Erko, B., Abebe, F., Berhe, N., Medhin, G., Gebre-Michael, T., Gemetchu, T., and Gundersen, S. G. Control of Schistosoma mansoni by the soapberry Endod (Phytolacca dodecandra) in Wollo, northeastern Ethiopia: post-intervention prevalence. Pokeweed is one of the signature edible native plants of America, with a strong role in Native-American, African-American and Southern cultures and cuisines. It is an inhabitant plant that grows in disturbed soils such as meadows and fields. Its root and leaves mitigate Joint inflammation as a result of Arthritis and Rheumatism. Pokeweed is a plant. Hostettmann, K. On the use of plants and plant-derived compounds for the control of schistosomiasis. Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) is a milestone plant for many foragers. View abstract. Pokeweed is UNSAFE to use. All rights reserved. The berry and root are used as medicine. It is an aggressive plant that self-seeds easily and can become weedy. The plant is a host to the giant leopard moth. The berry and root are used as medicine. Laboratory and field evaluation of the molluscicidal properties of Phytolacca dodecandra. Pokeweed is an erect herbaceous perennial shrub, 4 to 10 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide, with large leaves and showy purple-black berries. Pokeweed is a perennial plant which means it lives for more than two years. Haematological effects of pokeweed. View abstract. South Med J 1981;74:639-40. The root of evil-pokeweed intoxication. Kell SO, Rosenberg SA, Conlon TJ, Spyker DA. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, is easily found in our forests and wooded areas is the most common of the plants that look like elderberry. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. Pokeweed, ( Phytolacca americana ), also called pokeberry, poke, or American pokeweed, strong-smelling plant with a poisonous root resembling that of a horseradish. The bright green, elliptic leaves are smooth, tapered, and alternate on the stem. Correctly prepared, pokeweed is … This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Pokeweed Poisoning is the accidental or intentional intake of the plant or plant product containing the compound. This is a milestone plant for many foragers that self-seeds easily and can reach to! Many names, dragon berries, which are toxic to humans if comes. The bush the bulk of it, while green and white flowers and purple berries dot throughout the bush,... 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