R.officinalis is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, weed” and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Effect of geographical distributions on the phytochemical profile of methanolic extract of dried leaves of, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Garibaldi A, Minuto A, Gullino ML, 2005. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Rosmarinus of fi cinalis(Rosemary) is a common household plant which belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is grown in many parts of the world. In England, where the species has been popular since at least Tudor times, Rosemary was probably first introduced by the Romans, but according to tradition it was re-introduced by Queen Philippa of Hainault in the fourteenth century; a manuscript in the library of Trinity College, Cambridge claims that rosemary was unknown in England until the Countess of Hainault sent some to her daughter Queen Philippa (Rohde, 1930). Compendium record. Jacomassi E, Piedade L H, 1994. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Takes to pruning well, perfect for screens. Revista UNIMAR, 16(2):335-353. Mycobiology. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PEC, Petiwala SM, Johnson JJ, 2015. The in vitro antibiofilm activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil against multiple antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas sp. Potential for R. officinalis to become a weed was previously determined to be ‘negligible’ (Kahn and Lima, 2001) but risk of introduction for this species is now higher as it has since been reported as a cultivation escape, garden thug, and weed (Randall, 2012) and is known to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). (2014) report that the essential oil gives some control of Meloidogyne javanica but is ineffective against Pratylenchus brachyurus. Online Database. Little data is available on possible negative environmental and economic impacts of the spread of this species, but considering its long history of widespread cultivation, use and value as a culinary, medicinal and ornamental species in all regions of the world, restriction to the international trade and import of R. officinalis to non-native and non-naturalized places is unlikely. Rosmarinus officinalis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a medium rate. by Guzman, C. C. de \Siemonsma, J.]. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. It has also been found susceptible to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita”. Diseases reported on the crop plant include web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani (Bertetti et al., 2013; Aktaruzzaman et al,, 2015), and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Garibaldi et al., 2005). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Short, dark green, needle-shaped aromatic leaves. Nigrospora oryzae and Gibberella pulicaris are recent disease records from Iran (Moshrefi Zarandi et al., 2014; Zarandi et al., 2014).Guzman (1999) states: “Rosemary has been reported to be attacked by Phytocoris rosmarini and Orthotylus ribesi in Spain and by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in India. Bolivia Checklist, 2014. It was also included in Britton and Wilson’s (1923-1926) work on Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, in which the species was reportedly an occasional cultivation in Virgin Island gardens. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. In India, it is reportedly often cultivated in gardens, while it is much rarer in Pakistan (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). Rosemary possesses strong antioxidant properties. * Rosmarinus Officinalis Nancy Howard is noted for its white flowers, that become pink as the plant matures. Profuse clear blue flowers adds to the effect. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. The species can also be spread by vehicles used in agricultural settings where the species is commercially grown. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Technologia Alimentaria, 12(1):61-73. http://www.food.actapol.net/volume12/issue1/abstract-6.html. 28th EFFoST International Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 25-28 November 2014. First report of white mold caused by. Moderate growing 6 ft. tall, 2 to 4 ft. wide. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 59(7/8):691-698. Full sun. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Tweet. tubular flowers are longer than wider, in the shape of a tube. Rosemary is very popular as an ornamental plant used as a ground cover, hedge or shrub and is even transformed by hobbyists into bonsai or planted in hanging baskets. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, Randall RP, 2012. First report of web blight of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-1-IB in Korea. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. The species is an introduced species in the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012) and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). In: Acta Horticulturae, No. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 194-197. http://proseanet.org/prosea/e-prosea_detail.php?frt=&id=592. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 20(5):457-459. A Global Compendium of Weeds. Ceylan O, Ugur A, Saraç N, Ozcan F, Baygar T, 2014. Rosemary oil has in the past been adulterated with turpentine, oil of pine, certain fractions of camphor oil (i.e. Gorustovich M N A de, Otero M del C, Rossi E R, Boldrini C, 1999. Leafy medicinal herbs: botany, chemistry, postharvest technology and uses., Wallingford, UK. (Plantas utilizadas na medicina popular brasileira com potencial atividade antifúngica.) Chemistry of Natural Compounds. by Tellman B]. Rosmarinus officinalis Irene was discovered by Phil Johnson in early 1930s. Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae). New Disease Reports. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. New Disease Reports, 30:27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Gorustovich MNAde, Otero Mdel C, Rossi ER, Boldrini C, 1999. The flowers have long curved and arching stamens rising upright against the upper lip (Figure 1). CABI, Undated. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Noteworthy Characteristics. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Each flower has two lips. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Rosemary also possesses some antibacterial and antifungal properties. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Effect of geographical distributions on the phytochemical profile of methanolic extract of dried leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis L. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 4(10):1959-1970. http://www.wjpr.net/dashboard/abstract_id/3876, Fenner R, Betti AH, Mentz LA, Rates SMK, 2006. Importance of medicinal plants and their use in the town of Goierê-PR. Antiproliferation effect of Rosemary (, Tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE, Zarandi D M, Aminaee M M, Sharzei A, Rezaee S, 2014. In herbal medicine rosemary oil is used to treat acute middle ear infections and to stimulate liver and gall bladder. Antifungal and pesticidal effects of the essential oil of rosemary have been widely investigated. Until 2017, it was known by the scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis, now a synonym. However, the species performs poorly in heavy clay soils and wet, poorly-drained soils in winter are usually fatal (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014). Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. 47 (6), 1012-1014. http://www.springerlink.com/content/842p617643k31362/ DOI:10.1007/s10600-012-0132-5, USDA-ARS, 2014. Importation of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) as fresh leaves and stems from El Savlador and Guatemala into the Continental United States: A Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Risk Assessment. Similarly, leaves vary in shape, size, colour and even chemistry, often giving the crushed leaves subtly different flavours and scents. It finds application in denaturing alcohol and is popular in aromatherapy. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). First report of white mold caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' in Italy. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press, 265. It’s an easy-care garden plant in full sun. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press. A novel insight on an ancient aromatic plant: the rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). > 10°C, Cold average temp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Aktaruzzaman M, Kim JoonYoung, Afroz T, Kim ByungSup, 2015. Salvia rosmarinus, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. (Ruzmarinova zlatica Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) kao stetnik zacinskog, ljekovitog bilja i ukrasnog bilja.) Native: Mediterranean.Western Asia. This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils, including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil against Sitophilus oryzae and Oryzaephilus surinamensis. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. Reports of pests and diseases of R. officinalis are generally from where the plant is grown as a crop. Dots represent individual flowers, one from each of 106 plants. 585 pp. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, USDA-ARS, 2014. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. It’s used in sauces, soups and bouquet garnis. Britton NL, Wilson P, 1926. Conclusion: Rosmarinus officinalis shows great promise as a natural food preservative and therapeutic agent in the treatment of many diseases. Flora Mesoamericana. Rosemary beetle - Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a pest of aromatic plants, medicinal herbs and ornamentals. Rosemary is an aromatic plant with a long history of use as a culinary and medicinal herb. Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 42 (3), 369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br DOI:10.1590/S1516-93322006000300007, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. by Giberti G, Craker L, Lorenz M, Máthé A, Giulietti A]. Oviedo-Prieto, R., Herrera-Oliver, P., Caluff, M.G., 2012. Several cultivars. Oregon State Univ. In: Invasive exotic species in the Sonoran region. The volatile oil of rosemary has been reported to induce hyperglycemia and to inhibit insulin release in test rabbits. in the Cerrillos department, Province of Salta, Argentina. Diterpenes from rosemary (, Pitarokili D, Tzakou O, Loukis A, 2008. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 42(3):369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Royal Botanic Garden, 2014. Evergreen. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 1192 pp. Rosemary can survive in areas with mild winters, but not in localities where the temperature frequently falls below -3°C. The biodiversity and distribution of exotic vascular plants and animals in the Grand Canyon region. pungent fragrance, somewhat reminiscent of pine. April, 2010. Synthetic verbenone is used in programmes to control several bark beetle species in pine trees. 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