Compare the Commentaries on John 18:31, and the remarks of Schürer in the passage referred to above. [513] He became a true witness, both to Jews and Greeks, that Jesus is the Christ. chap. I. chap. [507] Kurie thee p?ter. [515] See above, chap. Leading him into their midst they demanded of him that he should renounce faith in Christ in the presence of all the people. There are more accounts of his death than there are canonical accounts of the death of his more famous brother, Jesus! The Rechabites were a tribe who took their origin from Jehonadab, the son of Rechab, who appears from 1 Chronicles 2:55 to have belonged to a branch of the Kenites, the Arabian tribe which came into Palestine with the Israelites. He was buried on the spot where he died, somewhere in Jerusalem. LXXVIII. On the Epistles of John, see ibid. 4). None of the four gospels report much, if any, participation by the brothers in the earthly mission of Jesus although the Gospel of John seems to presuppose a supportive, if uncomprehending, role for them (John 2:12, 7:3-10). And certain of them also went to meet Albinus, who was journeying from Alexandria, and reminded him that it was not lawful for Ananus to summon the Sanhedrim without his knowledge. 4. The LXX, as we have it to-day, reads desomen, but Justin Martyr's Dial., chap. He turns James into a Jewish priest and Nazarite saint (cf. John, which, however, are classed with the others on account of their supposed Johannine authorship, and consequent close connection with his first epistle. Lücke, indeed, maintained that Eusebius always used the words nothos and antilegomenos as synonymous; but in Bk. Josephus, on the other hand (quoted below), mentions only the stoning. See chap. The oldest portion of this section of the narrative (the Ascents of James) ends at 1.71. 25) among the antilegomena. They each differ with the others in some way; most agree in the basic details. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Matthew 26:64 and Mark 14:62[505] Isaiah 3:10. The fact that James declared the official policy of the church at the Jerusalem Council would lend added support to that supposition. For Peter's asceticism, see the Clementine Recognitions, VII. 6. [493] "The dramatic account of James by Hegesippus is an overdrawn picture from the middle of the second century, colored by Judaizing traits which may have been derived from the Ascents of James, and other Apocryphal sources. or, "Is this way true or false?" Jehonadab enjoined upon his descendants a nomadic and ascetic mode of life, which they observed with great strictness for centuries, and received a blessing from God on account of their steadfastness (Jeremiah 35:19). He alone was permitted to enter into the holy place; for he wore not woolen but linen garments. [491] He has been called the Just [492] by all from the time of our Saviour to the present day; for there were many that bore the name of James. It was used by no one, except Hermas, down to the end of the second century. chap. Plumptre, in Smith's Bib. In the Gospels, James is mentioned a couple of times, but at that time he misunderstood Jesus’ ministry and was not a believer (John 7:2-5). [532], [484] See above, Bk. His agreement with Clement is not very surprising, inasmuch as the latter probably drew his knowledge from the account of the former. Despite such ambiguous beginnings, the brothers (and their mother, Mary) are cited in the Acts of the Apostles as being among the very first Christ-believing Jews to form a community in Jerusalem (Acts 1:14). Others have supposed that the monument mentioned by Hegesippus was erected after the destruction of Jerusalem (cf. According to him, the Jews wish to ascertain James' opinion in regard to Christ, whether he considers him a true guide or an impostor, and therefore they ask, "What (of what sort) is the gate (or the way) of Christ? For its part, the Recognitions does not specifically say that James died of his fall down the steps. See Routh, Rel. James And His Companions Are Stoned To Death As a result James the brother of Jesus and his companions were stoned to death. [496] To what Hegesippus refers I do not know, as there is no passage in the prophets which can be interpreted in this way. Rechabites (which see for a full account of the tribe), thinks that the blessing pronounced upon them by God (Jeremiah 35:19) included their solemn adoption among the people of Israel, and their incorporation into the tribe of Levi, and therefore into the number of the priests. In Antiquities, book 20 chapter 9, he mentions James the brother of Jesus and Annas the High priest: "Upon the death of Festus ( 62 A.D.), Emperor Nero sent Albinus to be procurator of Judea. [528] This term was applied to all or a part of these seven epistles by the Alexandrian Clement, Origen, and Dionysius, and since the time of Eusebius has been the common designation. IV. Answer: James was a son of Mary and Joseph and therefore a half-brother to Jesus and brother to Joseph, Simon, Judas, and their sisters (Matthew 13:55). But Hegesippus' account, which is the fullest that we have gives us the means of reconciling the briefer accounts of Clement and of Josephus, and we have no reason to think either account incorrect. his advice to Paul, Acts 21:23, 24), who drank no wine, ate no flesh, never shaved nor took a bath, and wore only linen. I. p. 268). Stand therefore upon the pinnacle of the temple, [502] that from that high position thou mayest be clearly seen, and that thy words may be readily heard by all the people. 136, reads aromen (though in chaps. The Holy Apostle accompanied his family when they fled to Egypt, to escape the wrath of Herod, shortly after Jesus was born. But Grabe seems to bring out most clearly the true meaning of the question. 3, notes 1 and 2. 1, 3) does, that he was appointed Bishop of Jerusalem by the apostles. [503] Some mss., with Rufinus and the editions of Valesius and Heinichen, add staurothentos, "who was crucified," and Stroth, Closs, and Crusé follow this reading in their translations. Josephus, on the contrary, reads desomen, but Justin Martyr 's Dial.,.. To each other, let us go up and down but James refused to die in this,... The resurrection from the historian Josephus ways to slaughter them for a number of centuries his head ; he not. 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