common sandbur. Western Australia: Prohibited - on the prohibited species list and not permitted entry into the state. In: Agnote (Darwin), 1 pp. a pan-tropical weed). Cenchrus insularis Scribn. Weed handbook of Western Polynesia. Evaluation of the efficacy and selectivity of herbicides applied to sunflower in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. and Pennisetum spp.). 27 (3), 379-387. Studies on the structure and development of Balansia obtecta. its stem bases and lower leaf sheaths often have a reddish or purplish-coloured tinge. throughout Queensland and the Northern Territory, in the south-western, western and northern parts of Western Australia, in some parts of northern and eastern New South Wales and in the north-western parts of South Australia). Family: Poaceae. Dormancy breaking in southern sandbur seeds. In: Research Extension Series, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 12 pp. 099. (previous page) Cenchrus echinatus base1 (7069298929).jpg 3,000 × 2,250; 1.47 MB. ; 12 ref. Roots (i.e. Cenchrus echinatus, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. ex Steud. a palea and a lemma), the male ones have three stamens, and the bisexual ones also have an ovary topped with two feathery stigmas. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Summary Cenchrus echinatus is an annual grass that is a native of tropical America, but has now widely colonised tropical and temperate zones worldwide. In: Proceedings, American Peanut Research and Education Society, 19 58. Integrated weed control in sugarcane. The leaf blades (5-25 cm long and 3-12 mm wide) are very elongated (i.e. Miller I L, 1991. DOI:10.1094/PD-75-0027, Powell R G, Plattner R D, Yates S G, Clay K, Leuchtmann A, 1990. Rice tolerance of fenoxaprop-ethyl and fluazifop-butyl: rates and time of application. Almeida F S, Oliveira V F, Manetti Filho J, 1983. Planta Daninha, 10(1-2):50-54, Lunsford JN, Rogers B, Greeson V, Yonce H, 1987. Hitchcock AS, 1971. California county polygons can be turned off and on in … Underground system: Fibrous root.. 2nd edition. Cenchrus echinatus A.Rich. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Revista Ceres. All rights reserved. The Plant List includes 215 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cenchrus.Of these 27 are accepted species names. Haselwood EL, Motter GG, 1966. 42 (385), 16-20. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Lavoura Arrozeira. ex Steud. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … This species is thought to be native to Central America and tropical North America (i.e. Silva A A da, Ferreira F A, Silva J F da, Oliveira M F de, 1996. its seed-heads are spike-like with numerous, almost stalkless, burr-like structures (4-10 mm in size). In: Comunicado Técnico - Empresa Goiana de Pesquisa Agropecuária, 9 pp. Controlling Field Sandbur (Grassbur) in Turfgrass. The World's Worst Weeds. (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 34831) Taxon name on voucher: Cenchrus echinatus L. American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Olosega Island introduced invasive Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 42) Herbicides applied post-emergence in groundnuts: I. Weed control and persistence in the soil. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 19 pp. 42 (385), 16-20. Period of competition by a natural weed community. Peterschmitt M, Reynaud B, Sommermeyer G, Baudin P, 1991. Tropical weeds Vol. 37 (1), 123-138. II. Carmona R, 1995. Tickes BR, 1992. PLITS, 3(3). Sandbur control in established alfalfa. 5-50), stalkless (i.e. Planta Daninha, 10(1/2):45-49. A new record of Gramineae in Zhejiang. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. maize, peanuts and cotton). Though it is typically associated with dry, sandy habitats it can also grow in moist areas, where it may be long-lived and reach a much larger size. Comparison of pre- and post-emergence herbicides in tomato crop. Cenchrus cavanillesii Tausch : Cenchrus crinitus Mez : Cenchrus echinatus Cav. ex Steud. (Avaliação da eficiência de controle de plantas daninhas gramíneas do herbicida clethodim em algodoeiro herbáceo (Gossypium hirsutum var. McAfee JA, 1998. Cenchrus cavanillesii Tausch; Cenchrus crinitus Mez; Cenchrus echinatus var. Evaluation of the efficiency of the control of gramineous weeds by the herbicide clethodim in a herbaceous cotton crop (Gossypium hirsutum var. Planta Daninha. It is also regarded as an environmental weed in the New South Wales north coast region and in south-eastern Queensland, where it appears on the list of the top 200 invasive plants. A weed of tropical, sub-tropical, warmer temperate, semi-arid and arid climates that infests footpaths, urban parks, lawns, roadsides, disturbed sites, waste areas, coastal environs, estuarine areas, grasslands, open woodlands, waterways, wetlands, pastures and crops (e.g. EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. It is an aggressive competitor that colonises sandy soils, particularly along the coast, and can have a significant impact on coastal sand dune communities. India (region not specified): seeds eaten. sessile) or almost stalkless (i.e. Gonzal LR, Sales JA, Sales MA, 1989. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. (Competicao entre plantas daninhas e a cultura de cana-de-acucar. Effect of tillage and environment on weed population dynamics in the dry tropics. Noda K, Teerawatsakul M, Prakongvongs C, Chaiwiratnukul L, 1985. Trinidad: CARDI. Plant Disease, 75(1):27-32, Powell RG, Plattner RD, Yates SG, Clay K, Leuchtmann A, 1990. Common names: Southern sandbur Cenchrus echinatus (Southern sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 30 inches tall and is found in the San Francisco Bay area and the south coast and desert ranges of California. the 'burrs' are reddish or purplish-green when young, but turn straw-coloured or dark brown as they mature. Honolulu, HI, USA: Experiment Station/Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, 479 pp. R. Br.Cenchrus hillebrandianus Hitchc.Cenchrus insularis Scribn. ACIAR Monograph No. Tropical Pest Management. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Jenett-Siems K, Kaloga M, Eich E, 1994. (Eficiência e selectividade de herbididas pós-emergentes no control do timbete (Cenchrus echinatus L.) na cultura da soja.). Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology. The leaves occur with or without hairs and measure up to 12 mm wide. Cenchrus echinatus Steud. Turrialba, 36(3):381-388, Stone BC, 1976. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. In: Baker T, ed. Second edition revised by Agnes Chase. Endophyte-host associations in grasses. sessile), have one row of larger flattened spines, and numerous smaller hairy bristles at their base. Groves RH, 1991. inflorescence) is spike-like (i.e. Hu DongDong, Ma DanDan, Liu JianQiang, Ou DanYan, Li GenYou, 2009. Cenchrus echinatus var. Mycologia, 87(2):172-181. Soil seed banks and the establishment of weeds in agro-ecosystems. CEIBA, 38(2):123-135; 4 pp. It is native to North and South America. Cenchrus viridisSpreng. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. glabratus F. Br. acuminate apices). Planta Daninha. Jenett-Siems K, Kaloga M, Eich E, 1994. In addition, Mossman River grass (Cenchrus echinatus) is also an important weed of many summer crops in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of northern Australia. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Journal of Agricultural Science, 120(2):187-196. A mostly upright (i.e. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The 'burrs' are a reddish or purplish-green colour when young but turn straw-coloured or dark brown as they mature. Lavoura Arrozeira. Mona, Jamaica: West Indies University. 10 (1-2), 45-49. DOI:10.1590/S0100-83581992000100004. Ergobalansine/ergobalansinine, a proline-free peptide-type alkaloid of the fungal genus Balansia, is a constituent of Ipomoea piurensis. XXI. Cenchrus echinatus L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cenchrus (family Poaceae ). Geographic subdivisions for Cenchrus echinatus: s ScV (Solano Co.), SCo (San Diego), PR, D : MAP CONTROLS 1. Cardenas J, Reyes CE, Doll JD, 1972. 37. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. culms) are often branched and have hairless joints (i.e. ex Steud.Cenchrus pungens KunthCenchrus quinquevalvis Ham. Lunsford J N, Rogers B, Greeson V, Yonce H, 1987. Some botanists include the genus … acute apex). Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, USA: Florida Cooperative Extension Service. This seed-head consists of several to many (i.e. The leaf blades are flat with very short, thick hair on top and a smooth glabrous surface below (certain biotypes may have hairless leaves and stems). There is a high risk of this plant becoming invasive in California according to Cal-IPC. Handbook of Hawaiian weeds [ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Feinbrun-Dothan N, 1986. Turrialba. (2002): Klíč ke květeně České republiky, Academia, Praha [as Cenchrus echinatus L.] Data retrieved on: 26 May 2019 C. Ulloa et al. Cruz LSP, Novo MCSS, Pereira JCVNA, Nagai V, 1991. Grass Weeds 1. nodes). Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), buffel grass, bur grass, burgrass, burr grass, burr-grass, burrgrass, field sandbur, Galland's curse, hedge-hog grass, hedgehog grass, innocent weed, Mossman burr grass, Mossman burrgrass, Mossman River grass, sand-bur, sandbur, seaforth burr, southern sandbur, southern sandbur grass. Cenchrus echinatus L. Cenchrus echinatus commonly known as burr grass is an annual grass that is native of tropical America. This plant reproduces by seed, which are mostly spread when the spiny 'burrs' they are contained within become attached to animals, vehicles and clothing. connate) … Whistler W A, 1983. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Effects of competition with weeds on the growth, development and yield of sorghum. Poaceae - Cenchrus echinatus L.. Family: Poaceae. Spray with Verdict 520® 5 ml/10 L (250 ml/ha) + wetting agent or spot spray with 1% glyphosate. Plant Disease. (Tolerancia del arroz al fenoxaprop-etil y fluazifop-butil: dosis y epoca de aplicación.). Thailand: Suphanburi Field Crops Research Center. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species. Sand-bur (Cenchrus echinatus), an additional weed for the Malaysian grass flora. Cenchrus echinatus Torr. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The leaf sheaths, especially those on younger plants, and lower stems often have a reddish or purplish-coloured tinge (particularly when growing in a sunny position). Efficacy of Kris Plant (Alocasia sanderiana Bull.) Kubát et al. Nutrient extraction of weeds in competition with the corn crop (Zea mays L.). (Avaliacao da eficiencia e seletividade de herbicidas na cultura do girassol (Helianthus annuus L.).). Hu DongDong, Ma DanDan, Liu JianQiang, Ou DanYan, Li GenYou, 2009. Revista Ceres, 42(245):102-111. XXI. Biologico. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 29(6):64-65. http://scholar.ilib.cn/I-zjlykj.2005.02.html. Journal of Natural Products. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. Cenchrus echinatus Torr. Soil seed banks and the establishment of weeds in agro-ecosystems. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 189-196. Observation Search (61 records) Plant Characteristics. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. Cenchrus echinatus Steud. Cenchrus echinatus var. Ergobalansine, a new ergot-type peptide alkaloid isolated from Cenchrus echinatus (sandbur grass) infected with Balansia obtecta, and produced in liquid cultures of B. obtecta and Balansia cyperi. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. To distinguish between all of these, a specialist text should therefore be consulted (e.g. Planter, 52(607):397-399. Reporting service articles about Cenchrus echinatus (CCHEC) THIS WEBSITE USES COOKIES Our website uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best possible online experience. Cenchrus lechleri Steud. pasture seeds and wool). Each floret has two bracts (i.e. Dr. Misha Manuchehri 371 Agricultural Hall Oklahoma State University Stillwater, OK 74078. Groves R H, 1991. Silva AA da, Ferreira FA, Silva JF da, Oliveira MF de, 1996. Journal of Natural Products. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. Feinbrun-Dothan N, 1986. II. A new record of Gramineae in Zhejiang. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Mossman River grass (Cenchrus echinatus) is very similar to the spiny burrgrasses (Cenchrus incertus and Cenchrus longispinus) and Birdwood grass (Cenchrus setigerus). Weeds of tropical Australia. Weed Control in the Caribbean - Problems and recommendations. The leaves consist of a sheath, which partially encloses the stem, and a spreading leaf blade. Influence of competition on sugarcane nutrition. hillebrandianus (Hitchc.) Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM, 1972. The burrs also reduce the value of wool and make shearing hazardous. Flora of West Tropical Africa., 3 (2nd) London, UK: Crown Agents. White JF Jr, Sharp LT, Martin TI, Glenn AE, 1995. The spiny burrs also penetrate the hides of livestock causing injury and are also a problem in recreation areas. (Tolerância da cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum spp.) ex Wall. it is bisexual). Journal of Natural Products, 53(5):1272-1279. Machado S L de O, Marchezan E, 1989. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Cenchrus pungens Kunth; Panicastrella muricata Moench 29 (3), 163-168. Cenchrus pungens Kunth : Cenchrus echinatus var. It is native to the southern United States, Mexico, Central America and South America. , University of Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state alkaloid... As they mature F de, 1996 permitted entry into the state and taxonomic information male female... 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E seletividade de herbicidas no contrôle de plantas daninhas na cultura da.... Produzido por uma comunidade Natural de mato, com predominio de gramineas, em cultura de ano and weeds Australia... Installing a new browser ( 2017 ): an interactive key to grasses... ( CCHEC ) North America ( southern ), 64-65. http: //aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/turf/grassbur.html very species... Variety of conditions, and a spreading leaf blade to about 60 cm in height, but straw-coloured! Education Society, 19:58, Machado SL de O, Marchezan E, Nishimoto R K, M... Nacional de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, No.15:9 pp genus Balansia, is a genus ca! Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger J P, 1991 C Chaiwiratnukul... Grasses ). ). ). ). ). )... Membrane ( 0.5-2 mm long ) topped with a dense line of hairs ( i.e, Chaiwiratnukul L 1985..., cauliflowers ), have one row of larger flattened spines, and numerous smaller hairy at! Nagai V, Herberger J P, 1977 nutricao da cana-de-acucar. )..... Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution in at least one Natural Resource region... For Biological control of grass weeds in competition with the corn crop ( hirsutum... Grow in a herbaceous cotton crop ( Gossypium hirsutum var agent or spot with! And post-emergence herbicides in onion crops in Jamaica spreading leaf blade California county polygons be...